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Kreitzberg Library for CGCS Students

Citing Sources

Information on how to write APA, Chicago Style, and MLA citations and bibliographies.

MLA Style Manual

Citing a Book


Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Publication Date.


Bolling, Linda. My Life with My Best Friend in Colorado. Time-Life, 2008.

Citing an eBook

Cite the book just like you would if it were in print. Then add the name of the database or website you used to access the online book, and add a URL or other location indicator at the end of the citation.


Author. Title. Publisher, Date. Database, URL/permalink.


Dwyer, Tim. Media Convergence. Open University Press, 2010. ProQuest ebrary,

Citing a Print Journal


Author (if given). “Article Title.” Journal Title, Volume, Issue, Year, pages.


Marsh, Charleen L. “Volcanic Seismology in California.” Geology, vol. 17, no.4, 2004, pp. 45-67.

Citing a Journal Article from a Library Database

Cite articles from online databases (e.g. LexisNexis, ProQuest, JSTOR, ScienceDirect) and other subscription services as containers. Thus, provide the title of the database italicized before the DOI or URL. If a DOI is not provided, use the URL instead. Provide the date of access if you wish.


Author. Title. Title of container (self contained if book), Other contributors (translators or editors), Version (edition), Number (vol. and/or no.), Publisher, Publication Date, Location (pages, paragraphs and/or URL, DOI or permalink). 2nd container’s title, Other contributors, Version, Number, Publisher, Publication date, Location, Date of Access (if applicable).


Seiler, Steven J. "Hand On The Wheel, Mind On The Mobile: An Analysis Of Social Factors Contributing To Texting While Driving."
Cyberpsychology, Behavior & Social Networking, vol. 18, no. 2, 2015, pp. 72-78. Academic Search Premier, doi:10.1089/cyber.2014.0535.

Citing a Website


Editor, author, or compiler name (if available). Name of Site. Version number, Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), date of resource creation (if available), URL, DOI or permalink. Date of access (if applicable).


Therapy Dogs of Vermont. Therapy Dogs of Vermont, 2016, Accessed 2 Dec. 2016.

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