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Kreitzberg Library for Online Students

Citing Sources

Information on how to write APA, Chicago Style, and MLA citations and bibliographies.

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Frequently Asked Questions

When to Cite

You Do Not Need to Cite
 
  • Common knowledge: What does that mean? Common knowledge refers to facts that most people are aware of, for example:
    • The sun rises in the east and sets in the West
    • Thirteen colonies formed the United States
    • John Lennon was assassinated.
  • Your own opinions/ideas: "It is a mistake to overlook smaller, lower profile markets because..."
 
General Tips  
 
  • Keep track of your sources: Start saving sources as you find them in order to stay organized. Save them to a citation management tool (like EasyBib or Zotero, see Citation Tools tab), email them to yourself, or print them out. 
  • Take good notes: Keep track of page numbers and mark sections of text that you use. Keep a research log; copy the wording, punctuation, and spelling exactly as it appears in the original text. This will save you lots of stress later.
  • Ask your professor: Always verify with your prof if unsure of whether a citation is required. 
  • Don't procrastinate: Unintentional plagiarism is usually the result of disorganization. Follow these tips and don't wait until the last minute. 
 

How and Why We Cite