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Norwich University Kreitzberg Library

Kreitzberg Library for CGCS Students

Identify Fake News and Evaluate News Sources

How to Spot Fake News

The CRAAP Test

The C.R.A.A.P Test

Use this test to evaluate web sources for their reliability.

  • Currency: The timeliness of the information
  • Relevancy: The importance of the information for your needs
  • Authority: The source of the information
  • Accuracy: The reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the information
  • Purpose: The reason the information exists

Source: Meriam Library, California State University Chico