What Is Fake News?
Simply put, fake news can be defined as news stories that are completely false with no factual basis. These stories are circulated with the intention of deliberately deceiving readers for the purpose of political or financial gain.
Source: Hunt, Elle. "What is fake news? How to spot it and what you can do to stop it." The Guardian, 17 December 2016.
What Kinds of Fake News Exist?
There are four broad categories of fake news, according to media professor Melissa Zimdars of Merrimack College.