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Information Literacy at Norwich University  

Last Updated: Apr 23, 2014 URL: Print Guide Email Alerts

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The old standards*:
   Standard 1:
   Determine the nature and extent of the information needed.

   Standard 2:
   Accesses information effectively and efficiently.

   Standard 3:
   Critically evaluates and incorporates new information into current knowledge base and values system.

   Standard 4:
   Uses information effectively, as an individual or as a team member, to accomplish a specific purpose.

   Standard 5:
   Understands the economic, social, and legal issues surrounding information access and uses information ethically and legally.

*Note: old standards are expected to be replaced in July 2014. Stay tuned for updates. 

ACRL Performance Indicators: Revised Standards for Libraries in Higher Education (October 2011)

NEASC Standards 7.1 to 7.11, 4.19, 4.20, 4.53

UNESCO: Towards Information Literacy Indicators (2008)

UNESCO: Information Literacy Basics, Standards, Models, and Case Studies (2009)



Many thanks to Randy Hensley at Baruch College for inspiring some of the content that appears on this guide.


What Is Information Literacy?

The information literate student is fluent in the manner of integrating critical thinking skills in both print and digital environments. Students are expected to graduate with fluencies that allow them to effectively communicate and perform competitively in environments that are information-rich and technologically intensive.

In order to thrive in a fast-moving global workplace and as an informed citizen of their community, graduates are increasingly expected to employ research skills acquired at the university level.


In the Classroom

Research indicates that a correlation exists between student library usage and grade point average:

"Citation analysis of students’ term papers determined the effectiveness of a library instruction session. Two sections of the same class received a library instruction session, while the third section of the class did not. Library instruction was determined to be effective in that students receiving the instruction were significantly more likely to cite journal articles and other scholarly resources than students not receiving library instruction." (Abstract)

"The Hong Kong Baptist University Library established a mathematical correlation between student library material usage and their cumulative grade point average. Taking 2007 to 2009 graduates as samples, with 8,701 pairs of data, the Library was able to demonstrate its impact on student learning outcomes." (Abstract)

On the Job

In 2000, the U.S. Department of Labor found that key Workplace Essential Skills include the ability to "acquire and evaluate information". A majority of the twenty-one national and international sources surveyed also cite "locating, interpreting, converting, utilizing, and analyzing information in all formats and from all media" as essential to competing in the modern workplace (34).

Reach Higher, America: Overcoming Crisis in the U.S. Workforce, a June 2008 Report of the National Commission on Adult Literacy, states that the U.S. ranks poor among 30 OECD free-market countries when comparing education levels of the current and previous generations (v). In order to improve workplace skills by 2020, the Commission is urging greater emphasis on the ability "to communicate, acquire information, think critically, solve problems, use technology, and work in teams" (vii).


In a Global Society

The need for information literate graduates is echoed on the global scale in a 2009 World Bank report entitled, The Role of Media Literacy in the Governance Reform Agenda. Defined as "21st century survival literacies" by F.W. Horton, Jr., an active citizen has mastered "basic literacy skills, computer literacy, media literacy, distance education and e-learning, culturaly literacy, and information literacy" (4). 


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